100 bài tập về Relative Clauses

100-bai-tap-ve-relative-clauses

100 bài tập về Relative Clauses

Mệnh đề quan hệ (Relative Clauses) là một loại mệnh đề phụ thuộc cung cấp thông tin bổ sung về một danh từ trong mệnh đề chính. Chúng bắt đầu bằng một đại từ quan hệ (who, whom, whose, which, hoặc that) hoặc một trạng từ quan hệ (where, when, hoặc why). Mệnh đề quan hệ có thể được sử dụng để thêm thông tin mô tả hoặc xác định vào một câu.

Các Loại Mệnh đề Quan hệ Relative Clauses:

  1. Mệnh đề Quan hệ Xác định: Những mệnh đề này cung cấp thông tin cần thiết về danh từ mà chúng sửa đổi. Chúng không thể bị loại bỏ mà không làm thay đổi ý nghĩa của câu.Ví dụ: The book that is on the table is mine. Trong câu này, mệnh đề quan hệ “mà đang ở trên bàn” xác định cuốn sách đang được đề cập. Nếu thiếu thông tin này, câu sẽ không đầy đủ.
  2. Mệnh đề Quan hệ Không xác định: Những mệnh đề này cung cấp thông tin bổ sung, không cần thiết về danh từ mà chúng sửa đổi. Chúng thường được đặt trong dấu phẩy.Ví dụ: My brother, who is an engineer, lives in New York. Ở đây, mệnh đề quan hệ “người là một kỹ sư” thêm thông tin về anh trai nhưng không thay đổi ý nghĩa cốt lõi của câu.

Đại từ và Trạng từ Quan hệ:

  • Đại từ Quan hệ: who, whom, whose, which, that
    • Who: Dùng cho con người.
    • Whom: Dùng cho con người, nhưng chủ yếu trong ngữ cảnh trang trọng.
    • Whose: Chỉ sở hữu và được sử dụng cho cả con người và vật.
    • Which: Dùng cho vật và đôi khi cho động vật.
    • That: Dùng cho con người, vật và động vật. Nó ít trang trọng và thường có thể bị bỏ qua trong mệnh đề quan hệ xác định.
  • Trạng từ Quan hệ: where, when, why
    • Where: Đề cập đến một nơi.
    • When: Đề cập đến một thời gian.
    • Why: Đề cập đến một lý do.

Cách Tạo Mệnh đề Quan hệ:

  • Mệnh đề Quan hệ Chủ đề: Đại từ quan hệ làm vai trò chủ đề của mệnh đề quan hệ.
    • Ví dụ: The man who is talking to Mary is her father.
  • Mệnh đề Quan hệ Vị ngữ: Đại từ quan hệ làm vị ngữ của mệnh đề quan hệ.
    • Ví dụ: The house which Jack built is very old.

Việc Bỏ Qua Đại từ Quan hệ:

  • Trong mệnh đề quan hệ xác định, đại từ quan hệ đôi khi có thể bị bỏ qua khi nó là vị ngữ của mệnh đề.
    • Ví dụ: The car (that) she drives is a hybrid.

Mệnh đề Quan hệ với Giới Từ:

  • Khi một giới từ cần được đặt trước đại từ quan hệ, nó có thể được đặt ở cuối mệnh đề hoặc được giữ nguyên vị trí ban đầu.
    • Ví dụ: The book that I was talking about is on the table.
    • Ví dụ: The book about which I was talking is on the table.

Mệnh đề Quan hệ với Tính từ Tối cao:

  • Khi một tính từ tối cao được sử dụng trong mệnh đề chính, đại từ quan hệ có thể bị bỏ qua và từ “the” được đặt trước tính từ tối cao.
    • Ví dụ: She is the smartest person (that) I know.

Điền vào chỗ trống với mệnh đề quan hệ thích hợp

  1. This is the house ____ we used to live in.
  2. The girl ____ won the first prize is my sister.
  3. Do you know the person ____ I met at the party last night?
  4. The book ____ you recommended is excellent.
  5. I visited the museum ____ exhibits ancient artifacts.
  6. She is the teacher ____ students always perform well in exams.
  7. Have you seen the movie ____ we watched last weekend?
  8. The restaurant ____ we had lunch was very crowded.
  9. The man ____ car was stolen reported it to the police.
  10. This is the dog ____ barked all night.
  11. The company ____ CEO resigned is facing financial difficulties.
  12. The city ____ I was born in is beautiful.
  13. The house ____ windows were broken has been abandoned.
  14. The shirt ____ I bought yesterday is too small.
  15. The doctor ____ treated my grandfather is very experienced.
  16. The street ____ I live on is very quiet.
  17. The country ____ exports a lot of coffee is Brazil.
  18. Do you know the person ____ called you yesterday?
  19. The movie ____ we saw last night was amazing.
  20. She is the girl ____ brother is a famous actor.
  21. The car ____ was parked in front of the house belongs to my neighbor.
  22. The restaurant ____ serves Thai food is my favorite.
  23. He is the man ____ I met at the conference.
  24. This is the hotel ____ we stayed in last summer.
  25. The cat ____ chased the mouse ran into the garden.

Đáp án

  1. This is the house that we used to live in.
  2. The girl who won the first prize is my sister.
  3. Do you know the person whom I met at the party last night?
  4. The book that you recommended is excellent.
  5. I visited the museum that exhibits ancient artifacts.
  6. She is the teacher whose students always perform well in exams.
  7. Have you seen the movie that we watched last weekend?
  8. The restaurant where we had lunch was very crowded.
  9. The man whose car was stolen reported it to the police.
  10. This is the dog that barked all night.
  11. The company whose CEO resigned is facing financial difficulties.
  12. The city where I was born is beautiful.
  13. The house whose windows were broken has been abandoned.
  14. The shirt that I bought yesterday is too small.
  15. The doctor who treated my grandfather is very experienced.
  16. The street where I live is very quiet.
  17. The country that exports a lot of coffee is Brazil.
  18. Do you know the person who called you yesterday?
  19. The movie that we saw last night was amazing.
  20. She is the girl whose brother is a famous actor.
  21. The car that was parked in front of the house belongs to my neighbor.
  22. The restaurant that serves Thai food is my favorite.
  23. He is the man whom I met at the conference.
  24. This is the hotel where we stayed last summer.
  25. The cat that chased the mouse ran into the garden.

Sắp xếp các từ thành một câu hoàn chỉnh với mệnh đề quan hệ

  1. (The girl / won the prize / was wearing a blue dress.)
  2. (The house / my grandparents lived in / was built in the 19th century.)
  3. (The man / we met yesterday / is a famous actor.)
  4. (The restaurant / serves delicious pizza / is just around the corner.)
  5. (The book / I borrowed from the library / is very interesting.)
  6. (The car / was parked in front of the house / belongs to my neighbor.)
  7. (The movie / we watched last night / was directed by Christopher Nolan.)
  8. (The cat / lives next door / often comes to our garden.)
  9. (The teacher / gave us a lot of homework / is very strict.)
  10. (The dog / chased by the police / bit the burglar.)
  11. (The city / my parents were born in / is located in the south.)
  12. (The boy / scored the winning goal / is my cousin.)
  13. (The restaurant / we had dinner at / was fully booked.)
  14. (The laptop / I bought last week / is already malfunctioning.)
  15. (The company / I work for / is expanding its operations.)
  16. (The song / was playing on the radio / is my favorite.)
  17. (The tree / was planted in the backyard / is now bearing fruit.)
  18. (The doctor / treated my grandmother / is very experienced.)
  19. (The movie / won the award / was shot in France.)
  20. (The coffee / served at this café / is really good.)
  21. (The book / I am reading / was recommended by my friend.)
  22. (The girl / sat next to me / speaks fluent French.)
  23. (The museum / we visited last weekend / has a remarkable collection of artifacts.)
  24. (The house / my parents bought / has a beautiful garden.)
  25. (The restaurant / we went to / last night / serves authentic Thai cuisine.)

Đáp án

  1. The girl who won the prize was wearing a blue dress.
  2. The house my grandparents lived in was built in the 19th century.
  3. The man we met yesterday is a famous actor.
  4. The restaurant that serves delicious pizza is just around the corner.
  5. The book I borrowed from the library is very interesting.
  6. The car that was parked in front of the house belongs to my neighbor.
  7. The movie we watched last night was directed by Christopher Nolan.
  8. The cat that lives next door often comes to our garden.
  9. The teacher who gave us a lot of homework is very strict.
  10. The dog chased by the police bit the burglar.
  11. The city my parents were born in is located in the south.
  12. The boy who scored the winning goal is my cousin.
  13. The restaurant where we had dinner at was fully booked.
  14. The laptop I bought last week is already malfunctioning.
  15. The company I work for is expanding its operations.
  16. The song that was playing on the radio is my favorite.
  17. The tree that was planted in the backyard is now bearing fruit.
  18. The doctor who treated my grandmother is very experienced.
  19. The movie that won the award was shot in France.
  20. The coffee served at this café is really good.
  21. The book I am reading was recommended by my friend.
  22. The girl who sat next to me speaks fluent French.
  23. The museum we visited last weekend has a remarkable collection of artifacts.
  24. The house my parents bought has a beautiful garden.
  25. The restaurant we went to last night serves authentic Thai cuisine.

Đặt câu hỏi sử dụng mệnh đề quan hệ

  1. She bought a new laptop. What brand was it?
  2. He visited a country. Which language do people speak there?
  3. They attended a conference. Who organized it?
  4. We watched a movie. What was the plot?
  5. I met a person. Where did they come from?
  6. She received an award. What was the reason for it?
  7. They adopted a dog. What breed is it?
  8. He read a book. Who is the author?
  9. We visited a museum. What period does it specialize in?
  10. She found a wallet. Whose was it?
  11. They attended a concert. Who was the performer?
  12. I bought a car. What model is it?
  13. He rented an apartment. What is the monthly rent?
  14. We tried a new restaurant. What cuisine does it serve?
  15. She attended a seminar. What was the topic?
  16. They visited a city. What are the main attractions?
  17. I joined a club. What activities do they do?
  18. He listened to a podcast. What was the subject?
  19. We booked a hotel. What amenities does it offer?
  20. She applied for a job. What are the requirements?
  21. They enrolled in a course. Who is the instructor?
  22. I tasted a dish. What ingredients does it contain?
  23. We visited a park. What are the opening hours?
  24. She bought a gift. What occasion was it for?
  25. They watched a TV show. What is the genre?

Đáp án

  1. What brand was it that she bought a new laptop?
  2. Which language do people speak in the country he visited?
  3. Who organized the conference they attended?
  4. What was the plot of the movie we watched?
  5. Where did the person I met come from?
  6. What was the reason for her receiving an award?
  7. What breed is the dog they adopted?
  8. Who is the author of the book he read?
  9. What period does the museum we visited specialize in?
  10. Whose wallet was it that she found?
  11. Who was the performer at the concert they attended?
  12. What model is the car I bought?
  13. What is the monthly rent for the apartment he rented?
  14. What cuisine does the new restaurant we tried serve?
  15. What was the topic of the seminar she attended?
  16. What are the main attractions of the city they visited?
  17. What activities do they do in the club I joined?
  18. What was the subject of the podcast he listened to?
  19. What amenities does the hotel we booked offer?
  20. What are the requirements for the job she applied for?
  21. Who is the instructor for the course they enrolled in?
  22. What ingredients does the dish I tasted contain?
  23. What are the opening hours of the park we visited?
  24. What occasion was the gift she bought for?
  25. What is the genre of the TV show they watched?

Sửa lỗi trong các câu sau bằng cách sử dụng mệnh đề quan hệ

  1. The woman which works in the bank is my sister.
  2. The house where we used to live in was sold last year.
  3. I have a friend, who his name is John, coming over for dinner.
  4. The restaurant what we went to last night had delicious food.
  5. He bought a new car which is very expensive.
  6. The book that I borrowed from the library was interesting.
  7. We visited London, where we saw the Buckingham Palace.
  8. The girl who sitting next to me is my best friend.
  9. The computer that I bought last month is not working properly.
  10. They went to Italy, which is famous for its cuisine.
  11. The movie what we watched last night was amazing.
  12. I know a person, whose sister is a famous actress.
  13. The dog, which chased the cat, belongs to my neighbor.
  14. The city where I was born is beautiful.
  15. The man who car broke down called for help.
  16. She bought a dress, which was very expensive.
  17. He visited Paris, that is famous for its landmarks.
  18. The team that won the championship celebrated all night.
  19. The house where we had our wedding was small.
  20. We went to a restaurant, which serves Italian cuisine.
  21. The boy whom won the competition is my cousin.
  22. The book which I am reading was recommended by my teacher.
  23. The movie, which directed by Steven Spielberg, won many awards.
  24. The girl who I met yesterday is a doctor.
  25. The restaurant where we had dinner last night was expensive.

Đáp án

  1. The woman who works in the bank is my sister.
  2. The house where we used to live was sold last year.
  3. I have a friend whose name is John coming over for dinner.
  4. The restaurant that we went to last night had delicious food.
  5. He bought a new car which is very expensive.
  6. The book that I borrowed from the library was interesting.
  7. We visited London, where we saw Buckingham Palace.
  8. The girl who is sitting next to me is my best friend.
  9. The computer that I bought last month is not working properly.
  10. They went to Italy, which is famous for its cuisine.
  11. The movie that we watched last night was amazing.
  12. I know a person whose sister is a famous actress.
  13. The dog, which chased the cat, belongs to my neighbor.
  14. The city where I was born is beautiful.
  15. The man whose car broke down called for help.
  16. She bought a dress which was very expensive.
  17. He visited Paris, which is famous for its landmarks.
  18. The team that won the championship celebrated all night.
  19. The house where we had our wedding was small.
  20. We went to a restaurant which serves Italian cuisine.
  21. The boy who won the competition is my cousin.
  22. The book which I am reading was recommended by my teacher.
  23. The movie, which was directed by Steven Spielberg, won many awards.
  24. The girl whom I met yesterday is a doctor.
  25. The restaurant where we had dinner last night was expensive.

Đọc lại bài cũ: 100 câu bài tập Conditional Sentences.

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