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Sau đây là bài báo:

7.4 magnitude quake hits Taiwan, strongest in 25 years

Quake death toll rises to four people

Four people have been killed in Taiwan after a 7.4 magnitude earthquake rocked the island, according to Taiwan’s National Fire Agency (NFA).

The deaths all occurred in Hualien County, near the epicenter of the quake, according to NFA.

At least 57 people have been injured, with most of them reported in Hualien, the agency added.

The agency earlier disclosed that one of the fatalities was a hiker.

All tsunami warnings from Taiwan earthquake have now been lifted

Taiwan, Japan and the Philippines have all canceled their tsunami warnings, whilst the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center has said the threat to the United States has “largely passed”.

Tsunami waves were observed on the coasts of Taiwan and far southwestern Japanese islands after a 7.4 magnitude earthquake hit Taiwan on Wednesday morning.

But there were no immediate reports of any major damage caused by these waves.

In Taiwan: Tsunami heights reached nearly half a meter, or 1.5 feet, in Chenggong, approximately 100 km (62 miles) south of the quake’s epicenter. 

Observed tsunami heights are measured over open water and can reach significantly higher when they reach shore.

In Japan: A 0.3-meter wave impacted Okinawa Island, Naha airport spokesperson Hideaki Tsurodo told CNN, but no waves reached the airport and it was soon reopened.

In the Philippines: The Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology said “no significant sea level disturbances” had been recorded since the earthquake.  

“With this, any effects due to the tsunami warning have largely passed,” the institute said.

In the US: The threat of any tsunami risk has “largely passed”, the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center said. The update issued by its warning center in Honolulu said the evaluation was “based on all available data.”

It added that minor sea level “fluctuations” of up to 30 centimeters above and below normal tide levels could continue “over the next few hours.” 

The US Tsunami Warning Center also advised government agencies to “monitor conditions at the coast to determine if and when it is safe to resume normal activities.”

Tsunami waves less than 0.3 meters may be observed for the coasts of Guam, Indonesia, Northern Marianas, Palau, Philippines, South Korea, Vietnam, and Yap, the center added.

Taiwanese semiconductor company temporarily evacuates plants following earthquake

Taiwanese semiconductor company TSMC has temporarily evacuated manufacturing plants following a 7.4 magnitude earthquake that struck the island on Wednesday morning, the firm told CNN.

“TSMC’s safety systems are operating normally,” the company said, adding “to ensure the safety of personnel, some fabs were evacuated according to company procedure.”
“All personnel are safe, and those evacuated are beginning to return to their workplaces,” TSMC said.

According to initial inspections, the company’s construction sites are normal, but it “has decided to suspend work at construction sites for today, and work will resume following further inspections,” according to a statement from TSMC.

How earthquakes are measured

Measuring earthquakes is no easy task, given they strike suddenly and sometimes at global scale.

When the Earth’s crust shifts abruptly, an earthquake occurs, with energy radiated out as seismic waves and shaking that’s sometimes experienced by people, buildings and infrastructure.

Seismic waves and factors related to the shifting ground determine an earthquake’s magnitude, as measured through 10 on the scale most commonly used to describe quakes.

How strong the shaking feels is an earthquake’s intensity, as measured on a scale that uses Roman numerals to assign categories based on assessed damage and people’s observations.

Các cụm từ vựng tiếng Anh qua bài báo trên

  1. magnitude – độ lớn
  2. quake – động đất
  3. Taiwan – Đài Loan
  4. strongest – mạnh nhất
  5. death toll – số người chết
  6. rise – tăng lên
  7. National Fire Agency – Cơ quan PCCC Quốc gia
  8. Hualien County – Huyện Hualien
  9. epicenter – trung tâm
  10. agency – cơ quan
  11. injury – thương tích
  12. disclose – tiết lộ
  13. fatality – tử vong
  14. hiker – người leo núi
  15. tsunami – sóng thần
  16. warning – cảnh báo
  17. cancel – hủy bỏ
  18. Pacific Tsunami Warning Center – Trung tâm cảnh báo sóng thần Thái Bình Dương
  19. threat – mối đe dọa
  20. major damage – thiệt hại lớn
  21. coast – bờ biển
  22. immediate – ngay lập tức
  23. reach – đạt tới
  24. observed – quan sát
  25. measure – đo lường
  26. open water – nước mở
  27. shore – bờ biển
  28. impacted – ảnh hưởng
  29. airport – sân bay
  30. spokesperson – người phát ngôn
  31. reopen – mở cửa trở lại
  32. institute – viện
  33. disturbance – sự náo động
  34. significant – đáng kể
  35. evaluation – đánh giá
  36. available data – dữ liệu có sẵn
  37. minor – nhỏ
  38. fluctuation – biến động
  39. government agencies – cơ quan chính phủ
  40. monitor – theo dõi
  41. resume – tiếp tục
  42. normal activities – hoạt động bình thường
  43. semiconductor company – công ty bán dẫn
  44. evacuate – sơ tán
  45. manufacturing plants – nhà máy sản xuất
  46. safety systems – hệ thống an toàn
  47. personnel – nhân viên
  48. workplace – nơi làm việc
  49. initial inspections – kiểm tra ban đầu
  50. construction sites – công trường xây dựng
  51. suspend – tạm dừng
  52. shift – di chuyển
  53. abruptly – đột ngột
  54. energy – năng lượng
  55. seismic waves – sóng địa chấn
  56. shaking – rung chuyển
  57. intensity – cường độ
  58. Roman numerals – số La Mã
  59. assign – gán
  60. categories – hạng mục
  61. damage – thiệt hại
  62. people’s observations – quan sát của người dân

Cấu trúc câu và cấu trúc ngữ pháp thông qua bài báo

  1. Basic sentence structure: Cấu trúc câu đơn giản
    • A 7.4 magnitude earthquake hit Taiwan, the strongest in 25 years.
    • The death toll from the quake has risen to four people.
    • Four people were killed in Taiwan due to the earthquake.
    • Most of the injured individuals are reported to be in Hualien.
    • Taiwan, Japan, and the Philippines have all lifted their tsunami warnings.
    • The Pacific Tsunami Warning Center has stated that the threat to the United States has largely passed.
  2. Compound sentences using conjunctions (and, but, whilst): Câu phức sử dụng liên từ
    • The quake death toll has risen to four people, and most of the injured individuals are in Hualien.
    • Tsunami waves were observed on the coasts of Taiwan and far southwestern Japanese islands after the earthquake, but there were no immediate reports of any major damage.
    • Tsunami heights reached nearly half a meter in Chenggong, approximately 100 km south of the quake’s epicenter, whilst in Japan, a 0.3-meter wave impacted Okinawa Island.
    • The threat of any tsunami risk in the US has largely passed, but minor sea level fluctuations could continue for a few hours.
  3. Complex sentences using relative pronouns (who, which, where): Dạng câu phức sử dụng đại từ quan hệ
    • The deaths, all of which occurred in Hualien County, were reported by Taiwan’s National Fire Agency.
    • The agency earlier disclosed that one of the fatalities was a hiker, who likely encountered danger due to the quake.
    • Tsunami heights reached nearly half a meter in Chenggong, where the quake’s epicenter was located.
  4. Passive voice: Cấu trúc câu thể bị động.
    • Four people have been killed in Taiwan after being rocked by a 7.4 magnitude earthquake, according to Taiwan’s National Fire Agency.
    • Tsunami warnings from the Taiwan earthquake have now all been lifted.
  5. Interrogative sentences (asking questions): Câu nghi vấn (câu hỏi)
    • How are earthquakes measured?
    • What determines an earthquake’s magnitude?
    • How is an earthquake’s intensity measured?
  6. Exclamatory sentences (expressing strong emotion or surprise): Câu cảm thán (biểu thị cảm xúc mạnh mẽ hoặc ngạc nhiên)
    • What a devastating impact the earthquake had on Taiwan!
    • How fortunate that no major damage was reported due to the tsunami waves!

Những cấu trúc này bao gồm các loại câu và cấu trúc ngữ pháp phổ biến trong tiếng Anh, phù hợp để người học nắm bắt được sự tinh tế và linh hoạt của ngôn ngữ.

Đọc thêm: Học tiếng Anh qua các bài báo part 8: Three 12-year-old children have been wounded.

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