100 câu bài tập Gerunds and Infinitives

100-cau-bai-tap-gerunds-and-infinitives

100 câu bài tập Gerunds and Infinitives

Gerunds and Infinitives Practice hay còn gọi là bài tập về danh động từ và động từ nguyên mẫu là một dạng bài tập cơ bản dành cho những người mới học tiếng Anh. The Real IELTS biên soạn 100 câu bài tập giúp các bạn nắm chắc vấn đề này.

Hướng dẫn lý thuyết về Gerunds và Infinitives

1. Định nghĩa:

  • Gerund (Danh động từ): Là hình thức của động từ có thêm đuôi -ing và có chức năng như một danh từ.
    • Ví dụ: Swimming is fun. (Bơi lội rất vui.)
  • Infinitive (Động từ nguyên mẫu): Là hình thức động từ nguyên mẫu có to đứng trước.
    • Ví dụ: To swim is fun. (Bơi lội rất vui.)

2. Cách sử dụng Gerunds:

  • Làm chủ ngữ trong câu:
    • Ví dụ: Running is good for health. (Chạy bộ tốt cho sức khỏe.)
  • Làm bổ ngữ cho động từ to be:
    • Ví dụ: My favorite hobby is reading. (Sở thích yêu thích của tôi là đọc sách.)
  • Sau một số động từ nhất định:
    • Ví dụ: I enjoy dancing. (Tôi thích nhảy múa.)
    • Một số động từ phổ biến: enjoy, avoid, consider, suggest, finish, keep, mind, quit, miss.
  • Sau giới từ:
    • Ví dụ: She is good at singing. (Cô ấy hát rất hay.)
  • Trong các cụm từ cố định:
    • Ví dụ: It’s no use crying over spilled milk. (Khóc lóc về những gì đã xảy ra là vô ích.)

3. Cách sử dụng Infinitives:

  • Làm chủ ngữ trong câu:
    • Ví dụ: To learn English is important. (Học tiếng Anh là quan trọng.)
  • Làm bổ ngữ cho động từ to be:
    • Ví dụ: Her dream is to travel around the world. (Giấc mơ của cô ấy là du lịch vòng quanh thế giới.)
  • Sau một số động từ nhất định:
    • Ví dụ: I decided to leave early. (Tôi quyết định rời đi sớm.)
    • Một số động từ phổ biến: agree, decide, hope, plan, promise, seem, want, expect.
  • Sau tính từ:
    • Ví dụ: She is happy to help. (Cô ấy vui vẻ giúp đỡ.)
  • Mục đích của hành động:
    • Ví dụ: I went to the store to buy some milk. (Tôi đi đến cửa hàng để mua sữa.)

4. Các động từ có thể dùng cả Gerunds và Infinitives nhưng nghĩa khác nhau:

  • Remember:
    • Remember doing something: Nhớ đã làm gì (hành động đã xảy ra).
      • Ví dụ: I remember locking the door. (Tôi nhớ đã khóa cửa rồi.)
    • Remember to do something: Nhớ làm gì (hành động cần làm).
      • Ví dụ: Remember to lock the door. (Nhớ khóa cửa.)
  • Stop:
    • Stop doing something: Dừng việc đang làm.
      • Ví dụ: He stopped smoking. (Anh ấy đã dừng việc hút thuốc.)
    • Stop to do something: Dừng lại để làm việc gì khác.
      • Ví dụ: He stopped to smoke. (Anh ấy dừng lại để hút thuốc.)
  • Try:
    • Try doing something: Thử làm việc gì đó.
      • Ví dụ: Try opening the window. (Thử mở cửa sổ xem sao.)
    • Try to do something: Cố gắng làm việc gì đó.
      • Ví dụ: Try to open the window. (Cố gắng mở cửa sổ.)

5. Các động từ có thể dùng cả Gerunds và Infinitives mà không thay đổi nghĩa:

  • Begin, start, continue, like, love, hate:
    • Ví dụ: I like reading books. / I like to read books. (Tôi thích đọc sách.)

100 câu luyện tập

  1. I enjoy (read) __________ books in my free time.
  2. She decided (go) __________ to the party.
  3. They plan (visit) __________ their grandparents next weekend.
  4. He stopped (smoke) __________ because it was unhealthy.
  5. We agreed (meet) __________ at the café at 5 PM.
  6. She mentioned (see) __________ the movie last night.
  7. He wants (buy) __________ a new car.
  8. They keep (talk) __________ about the same topic.
  9. She avoided (talk) __________ to him after the argument.
  10. He promised (help) __________ me with my homework.
  11. They started (learn) __________ French last year.
  12. He prefers (watch) __________ movies at home rather than in the theater.
  13. She suggested (go) __________ to the new restaurant downtown.
  14. They hope (travel) __________ to Europe next summer.
  15. He admitted (make) __________ a mistake.
  16. She continued (work) __________ despite feeling unwell.
  17. They discussed (move) __________ to a bigger house.
  18. He offered (take) __________ her to the airport.
  19. She finished (write) __________ the report just in time.
  20. They decided (not attend) __________ the meeting.
  21. He denied (steal) __________ the money.
  22. She refused (answer) __________ the question.
  23. They risk (lose) __________ everything if they invest in that company.
  24. He prepared (leave) __________ for the trip early in the morning.
  25. She can’t stand (wait) __________ in long lines.
  26. They arranged (meet) __________ at the train station.
  27. He considered (change) __________ his job.
  28. She can’t afford (buy) __________ a new house right now.
  29. They enjoyed (spend) __________ time together.
  30. He managed (complete) __________ the project on time.
  31. She is interested in (learn) __________ about different cultures.
  32. They were looking forward to (go) __________ on vacation.
  33. He decided (not take) __________ the job offer.
  34. She resisted (urge) __________ to call him.
  35. They are planning (build) __________ a new house.
  36. He failed (pass) __________ the exam.
  37. She suggested (take) __________ a different route.
  38. They expect (arrive) __________ early in the morning.
  39. He agreed (pay) __________ for the damages.
  40. She loves (cook) __________ for her family.
  41. They discussed (not sell) __________ their house.
  42. He hesitated (ask) __________ for help.
  43. She needs (finish) __________ her assignment by tomorrow.
  44. They postponed (have) __________ the meeting until next week.
  45. He managed (repair) __________ the car himself.
  46. She pretended (not see) __________ him.
  47. They chose (participate) __________ in the competition.
  48. He enjoys (play) __________ basketball with his friends.
  49. She agreed (help) __________ me with my project.
  50. They completed (paint) __________ the house yesterday.
  51. He avoided (make) __________ eye contact.
  52. She offered (drive) __________ me home.
  53. They began (study) __________ for the exam.
  54. He intends (apply) __________ for a new job.
  55. She suggested (try) __________ the new restaurant.
  56. They finished (decorate) __________ the Christmas tree.
  57. He refused (lend) __________ me his car.
  58. She enjoys (jog) __________ in the park every morning.
  59. They decided (not go) __________ to the concert.
  60. He admitted (forget) __________ to send the email.
  61. She plans (travel) __________ to Japan next year.
  62. They avoided (discuss) __________ the issue.
  63. He promised (call) __________ me back.
  64. She hates (be) __________ late for appointments.
  65. They agreed (not tell) __________ anyone about the secret.
  66. He kept (work) __________ despite the difficulties.
  67. She finished (read) __________ the book last night.
  68. They chose (not attend) __________ the event.
  69. He considered (quit) __________ his job.
  70. She suggested (wait) __________ until the rain stops.
  71. They decided (open) __________ a new store.
  72. He avoided (talk) __________ about his past.
  73. She enjoys (paint) __________ landscapes.
  74. They plan (move) __________ to a new city.
  75. He promised (not tell) __________ anyone.
  76. She avoided (answer) __________ the phone.
  77. They finished (eat) __________ their lunch.
  78. He suggested (meet) __________ at the park.
  79. She denied (break) __________ the vase.
  80. They decided (try) __________ a new approach.
  81. He agreed (take) __________ on the project.
  82. She avoided (look) __________ at him.
  83. They discussed (invest) __________ in real estate.
  84. He mentioned (go) __________ to the concert.
  85. She promised (finish) __________ the work by Friday.
  86. They postponed (make) __________ a decision until next week.
  87. He loves (travel) __________ around the world.
  88. She decided (sell) __________ her car.
  89. They discussed (not renew) __________ the contract.
  90. He admitted (not know) __________ the answer.
  91. She suggested (bring) __________ a dessert to the party.
  92. They planned (go) __________ hiking this weekend.
  93. He avoided (tell) __________ the truth.
  94. She promised (help) __________ with the project.
  95. They finished (plan) __________ the event.
  96. He refused (share) __________ his notes.
  97. She enjoys (play) __________ the piano.
  98. They decided (not participate) __________ in the game.
  99. He admitted (make) __________ a mistake.
  100. She suggested (not go) __________ out in the rain.

Đáp án:

  1. I enjoy reading books in my free time.
  2. She decided to go to the party.
  3. They plan to visit their grandparents next weekend.
  4. He stopped smoking because it was unhealthy.
  5. We agreed to meet at the café at 5 PM.
  6. She mentioned seeing the movie last night.
  7. He wants to buy a new car.
  8. They keep talking about the same topic.
  9. She avoided talking to him after the argument.
  10. He promised to help me with my homework.
  11. They started learning French last year.
  12. He prefers watching movies at home rather than in the theater.
  13. She suggested going to the new restaurant downtown.
  14. They hope to travel to Europe next summer.
  15. He admitted making a mistake.
  16. She continued working despite feeling unwell.
  17. They discussed moving to a bigger house.
  18. He offered to take her to the airport.
  19. She finished writing the report just in time.
  20. They decided not to attend the meeting.
  21. He denied stealing the money.
  22. She refused to answer the question.
  23. They risk losing everything if they invest in that company.
  24. He prepared to leave for the trip early in the morning.
  25. She can’t stand waiting in long lines.
  26. They arranged to meet at the train station.
  27. He considered changing his job.
  28. She can’t afford to buy a new house right now.
  29. They enjoyed spending time together.
  30. He managed to complete the project on time.
  31. She is interested in learning about different cultures.
  32. They were looking forward to going on vacation.
  33. He decided not to take the job offer.
  34. She resisted the urge to call him.
  35. They are planning to build a new house.
  36. He failed to pass the exam.
  37. She suggested taking a different route.
  38. They expect to arrive early in the morning.
  39. He agreed to pay for the damages.
  40. She loves cooking for her family.
  41. They discussed not selling their house.
  42. He hesitated to ask for help.
  43. She needs to finish her assignment by tomorrow.
  44. They postponed having the meeting until next week.
  45. He managed to repair the car himself.
  46. She pretended not to see him.
  47. They chose to participate in the competition.
  48. He enjoys playing basketball with his friends.
  49. She agreed to help me with my project.
  50. They completed painting the house yesterday.
  51. He avoided making eye contact.
  52. She offered to drive me home.
  53. They began to study for the exam.
  54. He intends to apply for a new job.
  55. She suggested trying the new restaurant.
  56. They finished decorating the Christmas tree.
  57. He refused to lend me his car.
  58. She enjoys jogging in the park every morning.
  59. They decided not to go to the concert.
  60. He admitted forgetting to send the email.
  61. She plans to travel to Japan next year.
  62. They avoided discussing the issue.
  63. He promised to call me back.
  64. She hates being late for appointments.
  65. They agreed not to tell anyone about the secret.
  66. He kept working despite the difficulties.
  67. She finished reading the book last night.
  68. They chose not to attend the event.
  69. He considered quitting his job.
  70. She suggested waiting until the rain stops.
  71. They decided to open a new store.
  72. He avoided talking about his past.
  73. She enjoys painting landscapes.
  74. They plan to move to a new city.
  75. He promised not to tell anyone.
  76. She avoided answering the phone.
  77. They finished eating their lunch.
  78. He suggested meeting at the park.
  79. She denied breaking the vase.
  80. They decided to try a new approach.
  81. He agreed to take on the project.
  82. She avoided looking at him.
  83. They discussed investing in real estate.
  84. He mentioned going to the concert.
  85. She promised to finish the work by Friday.
  86. They postponed making a decision until next week.
  87. He loves traveling around the world.
  88. She decided to sell her car.
  89. They discussed not renewing the contract.
  90. He admitted not knowing the answer.
  91. She suggested bringing a dessert to the party.
  92. They planned to go hiking this weekend.
  93. He avoided telling the truth.
  94. She promised to help with the project.
  95. They finished planning the event.
  96. He refused to share his notes.
  97. She enjoys playing the piano.
  98. They decided not to participate in the game.
  99. He admitted making a mistake.
  100. She suggested not going out in the rain.

Đọc lại bài cũ: 100 câu bài tập Prepositions of Time and Place Activities.

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